historical developments to the unification of China the wind
instruments of many minority nationalities gradually filtered
into the central planes the add mixture of these nationalities
mixed with the culture of the central planes brought further
progress leading to a relative complete integration of musical
instruments. Right now lets introduce five types of wind instruments
one at a time.
horizontally played wind instruments were called Di or Heng-Di
they have circulated in China for many centuries and in many
areas so that there are many varieties, which are divided into
Bang-Di and Chu-Di and Lu-Di.
was originally a major accompaniment instrument for Bang-zu
in Chung Su opera thus acquiring the name. The body of the Bang-Di
is thin and short its sound projection is sonorous and high
and shapes it is the flute used for the high notes.
Chu-Di is also called the middle Di. The body of the Chu-Di
is thicker and longer it sounds is broad and gentle it was wildly
spread across China. It was the major accompaniment for Kun
Chu music so it is called Chu-Di or the Chu flutes it is suitable
for either solo or ensemble playing.
Lu-Di is also called the new flute it is a recent instrument
in Chinese music its tone is elegant and soft it is suitable
for playing together with the yang chin.
construction of the Bang-Di Chu-Di and the Lu-Di are similar
the only difference is that the Bang-Di and Chu-Di have six
holes where as the Lu-Di has seven and the Lu-Di has no vibrating
hole. The Di is made up of several parts first let¡¦s look at
body of the Di is made from a bamboo tube the joints and membranes
are taken out so that the empty middle becomes the empty throat
or the heart of the flute.