( Movie )

Following historical developments to the unification of China the wind instruments of many minority nationalities gradually filtered into the central planes the add mixture of these nationalities mixed with the culture of the central planes brought further progress leading to a relative complete integration of musical instruments. Right now lets introduce five types of wind instruments one at a time. 

Ancient horizontally played wind instruments were called Di or Heng-Di they have circulated in China for many centuries and in many areas so that there are many varieties, which are divided into Bang-Di and Chu-Di and Lu-Di. 

Bang-Di was originally a major accompaniment instrument for Bang-zu in Chung Su opera thus acquiring the name. The body of the Bang-Di is thin and short its sound projection is sonorous and high and shapes it is the flute used for the high notes. 

The Chu-Di is also called the middle Di. The body of the Chu-Di is thicker and longer it sounds is broad and gentle it was wildly spread across China. It was the major accompaniment for Kun Chu music so it is called Chu-Di or the Chu flutes it is suitable for either solo or ensemble playing. 

The Lu-Di is also called the new flute it is a recent instrument in Chinese music its tone is elegant and soft it is suitable for playing together with the yang chin. 

The construction of the Bang-Di Chu-Di and the Lu-Di are similar the only difference is that the Bang-Di and Chu-Di have six holes where as the Lu-Di has seven and the Lu-Di has no vibrating hole. The Di is made up of several parts first let¡¦s look at body. 

The body of the Di is made from a bamboo tube the joints and membranes are taken out so that the empty middle becomes the empty throat or the heart of the flute. 

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The ¡§So-na¡¨(conical oboe)
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