Dao Guang was born 1782 when his father Emperor Jia Qing died
at the palace at Re He. He was already 39 years old from his
fathers hands he received a gradually weakling empires. Both
financially and natural resources were practically gone and
for this reason Emperor Dao Guang was extremely frugal. It is
said that when his trousers wore out he was unwilling to have
a new pair made and sew patches on the knees. From then on the
ministers had no choice but to fallow suite and ware frayed
old clothing to court.
Dao Guang was on the throne for thirty years the first fifteen
years he relied heavily on the minister Cha Zhen-yon who made
many reforms in government policy. In the later fifteen years
of his reign the emperor was tricked by the trichinous Mu Zhana-a
and mismanaged the affair with Ling Ze-xu who band opium and
eventually signed the first unequal treaty in modern China the
treaty of Nan King. Afterwards domestic unrest and international
troubles each influenced the other for the worst and not only
did the county become a colony of foreign powers but internal
strife came rapid.
Zhen-yon was an important minister of the first half of Dao
Guang reign. He was native tong whey and a scholar. As soon
as Dao Guang took the throne he appointed Cha Zhen-yon grand
chancellor. From this time until his death in the fifteen year
of Dao Guang reign the emperor relied upon him heavily. Cha
Zhen-yon was a man of few words and few social graces but he
was extremely diligent and hardworking. The people of the time
did not see his merits and called him dense old minister Cha.
Actually he was a very competent minister who was on top of
government policies upright in all his dealing. Compassionate
yet unafraid to offend. Under his direction the three biggest
problems of the government of the time grain transport, water
works and salt administration found improvement.
the twentieth year of the Dao Guang reign 1840 the opium war
erupted and the treaty of Nan King was signed two years later.
Historian takes the opium war as the start of modern history
of china. Emperor Dao Guang reigned at this key turn point.
From this time on china had close relations with foreign and
politic powers. China had entered the international and political