Taiwanese Riddle Club Taiwanese Riddle Journal riddle predecessors

There were no documents in the legend of Taiwanese lantern riddles, so no one knows the truth. However, according to the book <Jing Ge riddle talk(ÀR»ÕÁ¼¸Ü)> written by Wu Jing- Ge, in the Qing Xian feng, Dao Guang year, Mr. Lin Zhan-Mei¡¦s riddle works had pass around, Although his riddle sketch was missing, several of his works still maintained at <Xin Zhu Xian Zhi Gao (·s¦Ë¿¤§Ó½Z)>. The popularity of riddles was obvious.
Beside Mr. Lin Zhan-Mei, the Taiwanese government officer, Mr. Tang Jing-Song, worked very hard in promoting riddle study. In his term of duty, he often went to Fei Garden to hold scholars meeting and riddle making and guessing parties. He started the riddle study fashion and popularized it to everywhere in Taiwan (Tainan and Taipei). He also had written a book called <mi Shi >. Therefore, many people named him as Taiwanese riddle study predecessor. He had influenced many scholars and created prosperity of literature fashion.

After the Sino-Japanese war(1894), Japanese had occupied Taiwan. Traditional cultures¡¦ maintenance and development was oppressed at that time . However, Taiwanese still wanted to hold on Chinese cultures. Some predecessors, like Xie Xing Lou and Wu Jing-Ge often used all kinds of folk activities to pass on Chinese cultures. Lantern riddles were also developed vigorously under that kind of condition. There were all kinds of riddle activities in every New year holidays and moon festivals. These activities had great meanings for people in Taiwan. Although there were no riddle club had established at that time, most of poetry club had riddle division for riddle making and guessing. The newspapers and journals were also had a lantern riddle column.

After year Min Guo thiry-eight, government had established in Taiwan. Many of riddle experts from mainland China moved to Taiwan and they had put a fresh power into Taiwanese riddle field. The predecessors, like Yuan Ding-Hua, Wang Su-Cun, and Lai Chu-Geng had assembled eighty people and established the first riddle club in Taiwan ¡V Collective-wisdom riddle club. Many clubs were also established in Leelung, Kaoshong, and Tainan around. Nowadays, there are more than ten riddle clubs, riddle journals, and books. In the year Min Guo eighty-eight, the riddle clubs in Taiwan were united to ¡§Taiwanese riddle research association¡¨ in order to promote traditional cultures. The members of this association would host all the riddle parties in each festivals and holidays. They devoted themselves to riddles.

Lantern riddle was belonging to ¡§Xiao Dao¡¨, it was just a witting game for fun. It had ¡§enigmatic language¡¨ and ¡§hidden verses¡¨ style. It was really popular in Ming and Qing dynasty. However, it was not statecraft, so scholars won¡¦t leave their names on their works. It was just for fun. In the history of literature, many forms of literature were popular at beginning and weaken their popularity in the end. However, only lantern riddle was not like that, it was popular all the time. Maybe it was because riddle contained a lot of interesting thoughts, and could use variety of subjects. It could also use current issues, people, objects, and places in the riddles.

One thing worth to be mentioned was the raising Taiwanese localism, which was just like what riddle fans do. Professor Xu Cheng-Zhang from Tainan had written many books in Taiwanese classical verses. And Collective-wisdom members Mr. Chen Xi- Tian and Ye Ming-Dong also had written several riddles which were based from Taiwan¡¦s classical verses. It would be an excellent way to promote Taiwanese classical verses and make ¡§Taiwanese knows Taiwan issues.¡¨

Nowadays, the freedom of democracy and diversification of media, like magazines, TV, radios and internet, would allow people to get information in lantern riddles. And riddle fans would have more convenient way to exchange their point of views and skills. The combination of beauty of Chinese character and traditional culture activities should be promoted in the future.