in riddle study. Since Taiwan restoration, there were two
outstanding riddle experts- Mr. Lai Chu-Geng and Mr. Xu Cheng-Zhang.
Their works also highly praised by many riddle fans. They
will be introduced individually as followed:
1. Lin Zhan-Mei
For Taiwanese lantern riddle study development, Mr. Lin
Zhan Mei would be the pioneer.
Mr. Lin Zhan-Mei; another name was QingJiang; written as
XueCun; named HeShan,; from XinZhu,Taiwan; was born in QingJiaQing
year, and unknown year of death. Lin¡¦s family was really
wealthy, but he was not acted as rich kid. He read a lot
and knowing many matters, and his knowledge was really broad.
He was a very generous and just man, and liked to help those
in danger and relieve those in distress. He was really famous
at that time.
Lin¡¦s family owned a manor in XinZhu, named ¡§Qian Yuan¡¨.
It was not only an elegant and resplendent place, but also
had great landscape. That place was one of eight visiting
view points. Most of people in and out of Qian Yuan were
celebrities. Besides scheduled reciting meeting, in every
spring and autumn it would hold riddle parties. For people
who solved the riddles, band would play music for them and
they could also win some prizes, too. Since then it become
an established practice and had great impact on riddle field.
Many scholars enjoyed to participate the riddle guessing
parties. Even for the Ya Tang <Taiwanese general history
> had praised that as ¡§literature and wine meeting and
great competition in north of Taiwan¡¨.
For Taiwanese lantern riddle study promotion, Mr. Lin Zhan-Mei
reward was very important. Riddle expert Mr. Wu Jing-Ge
said: ¡§In the history of Taiwanese riddle study, Qian Yuan
had devoted the most¡¨.
2. Mr. Tang Jing Song
In the history of Taiwanese riddle stud, Mr. Tang Jing-Song
would be the first person to promote riddle study.
Mr. Tang Jing-Song; written as Wei Qing; from western Cantone
Guan Yang; He was selected as scholar in TongZhi 4th year
and worked as editor in Imperial Academy. He was really
famous and lived for 63 year.
In Guang Xu years, he severed as Taiwanese government officer.
Within his working time period, he made every endeavor to
promote riddle study. Because he liked to recite poems and
make riddles, and liked to praise and commend literature
pursuits. He had started another peak of poem riddle. His
book called ¡§riddle collection¡¨ was pass around the world.
In the development of Taiwanese riddle, Mr. Tang Jing-Song
had created a ¡§riddle¡¨ fashion. It also popularized the
riddle study to everywhere in Taiwan (Taipei and Tainan).
According to his effect, it would be proper to call him
Taiwanese riddle pioneer.
3. Mr. Zhang Qi-nan
¡]Photography of Mr. Zhang Qi-nan¡^
(Mr. Zhang Qi-nan¡¦s famous riddle work < Tuo Yuan Chun
Deng Hua >)
If talking about lantern riddles, then it had to mention
Saint riddle ¡V Mr. Zhang Qi-nan. In the book <riddle
language research>, Mr. Yang Ru-Quan written: ¡§Mr. Zhang
was a riddle expert, he had great attainments in riddle
study. Since Qing dynasty, Mr. Zhang would be the only one
who could really understand the riddles.¡¨ That did not over
Mr. Zhang Qi-Nan,;written as Wei Lu; named TuoYuan,;from
FuJian YongDing; was born in 1878, died in 1923 due to sickness.
He had lived for 45 years.
For lantern riddle study, Mr. Zhang was really a talented
person. When he was about ten years old, he had showed his
witting and was able to solve several riddles. That had
amazed people around him. In fact, his talent appeared obviously
when he worked as Chen Zhou mining director and local high
school president. Chen Zhou was a countryside, when he arrived
there, locals did not know what riddle are. Fortunately,
Yuan Xiao festivals would be coming soon, he made lantern
riddles and post it on the busy streets. He also offered
prizes to winners to add the fun. With his popularized,
lantern riddle had become a hot topic. Since then, lantern
riddle guessing had become the highest point of Yuan Xiao
festival every year. In the old time, riddle party often
hosted by several people, but Mr. Zhang often hosted alone.
The riddles often emerged in an endless stream. He always
could solve other people¡¦s riddle, therefore, everybody
submit their willing to his views and gave him a name ¡§Saint
riddle¡¨ Mr. Zhang made numerous riddles, they were passing
on around. Beside making and guessing riddles, he also had
remarkable talent in making riddle theory. He had wrote
down his understanding and knowledge in riddles. He also
concluded many quotes and evidences. It was a unfading riddle
work -- <Tuo Yuan Chun Deng Hua>. Nowsaday, riddle
fans have seen it as standard.