Simple jargons for lantern riddles
  A brief introduction to commonly used forms for riddles

 
It is neither simple nor difficult to prepare a riddle. Most importantly, some fundamental knowledge must be understood, which are listed below with summarized descriptions:

¡iYin Yu, Yi Yu, Sho Tse¡j¡X¡Xall refer to connotation, the old names for lantern riddle.
¡iWen Hu (tiger), Deng Hu (tiger)¡j¡X¡Xthe other names for lantern riddle as making a guess on lantern riddles is not an easy job. The exercise requires the energy for fighting a tiger and hence riddles are called Wen Hu or Deng Hu.
¡iMi Mien¡j¡X¡Xthe question of the lantern riddle. The person making a guess
 
 

has to reason out the answer using the question.
¡iMi Mu¡j¡X¡Xthe boundary of the answer to the lantern riddle, usually represented with ¡§shoot some one¡¨ or ¡§hit some one¡¨ .
¡iMi De¡j¡X¡Xthe answer to the lantern riddle.
¡iMi Ke¡j¡X¡XThe specific movement of forms of the lantern riddle, usually the methods used to increase or reduce graphic of characters, number of characters or to change the sequence of the sentence and pronunciation so that the answer to the riddle and the question of the riddle may be more consistent with each other. Refer to the following paragraphs for the so-called ¡§24 Ke¡¨
¡iMi Tia¡j¡X¡XThe slips used to write the riddle
¡iMi Tzuo¡j¡X¡Xwork of lantern riddles
¡iMi Shuei¡j¡X¡Xlantern riddle related knowledge
¡iMi She¡j¡X¡X the organization of lantern riddles, which were in existence in the Song Dynasty at the earliest.
¡iMi Tzai¡j¡X¡Xmaterials used in the lantern riddle. As the extent of which a guess may be made on the lantern riddle is very wide, almost any word or sentence may be treated as the answer to the riddle. It is quite difficult to grasp. Hence, some books that collect answers to riddles have been published for the reference of people who prepare and guess riddles. The Mi Tzai published by the Riddle Society is an example.
¡iguess, shoot, discuss, hit¡j¡X¡Xall refer to guess
¡iRiddle Hand, Riddle Master, Riddle Person, Tiger Fighter¡j¡X¡Xall are special names for persons preparing or guessing riddles.
¡iWord Linking¡j¡X¡Xone of the keys to guessing riddles, under the long-term influence of traditional culture, the meaning of Han characters are often related. For example, cloud and dragon, tiger and wind, contents of the five elements, seasons, directions and colors may all be grasped together when making a guess.
¡iLinking to literary reference¡j¡X¡Xone of the keys to guessing riddles. It is called ¡§Linking to literary reference¡¨ while the materials used to prepare the riddle incorporated many historic literary reference or names of characters and that guess shall be started from historic events.
¡iStraight interpretation¡j¡X¡Xwhile preparing the lantern riddle, if the question of and the answer to the riddle do not have other implied meanings, then the solution is called ¡§straight interpretation¡¨. Generally speaking, this type of riddle is less interesting.
¡ialternative interpretation¡j¡X¡Xwhile preparing the lantern riddle, if the words of the question and the solution given alternative interpretations, the interpretation is called ¡§alternative interpretation¡¨. This type of riddle preparation fully utilizes the multiple meanings of Han characters. Taking the example of ¡§protect the eyes¡¨ implying ¡§be careful with eyes¡¨, ¡§narrow-mined¡¨ originally refers to a person with low level of tolerance, but ¡§narrow-minded¡¨ is interpreted as care and protection. Hence, this is alternative interpretation. The fun of lantern riddles often arises from alternative interpretation.
¡iHan Bu¡j¡X¡Xa type of riddle preparation that seeks questions publicly. The answers to the riddle were drafted first and then the questions of the riddle were sought and ranked in accordance of the qualities.
¡iShi Bu¡j¡X¡Xa type of riddle preparation that seeks the answers to the riddle publicly. Questions of the riddle were drafted first and then the answers to the riddle were sought and ranked in accordance of the qualities.
¡iGraphic Riddle¡j¡X¡XPreparation of the riddle by drawings.
¡iActual-object Riddle¡j¡X¡XThe method of riddle preparation using actual objectives to substitute questions of the riddle.
¡iMotion Riddle¡j¡X¡XThe method of riddle preparation using motions to substitute questions of the riddle.
¡iSeal Riddle¡j¡X¡XThe method of riddle preparation to inscribe the questions of the riddle on a seal. When making a guess, meanings of the words related to the seal must be incorporation into thinking which usually includ words such as Yin (¦L)¡BTzang(³¹)¡BShi (¥Û)¡BKe(¨è)¡BWen(¤å) etc.
¡iMarket Sign¡j¡X¡XOne of the categories of the answer to the riddle, referring to commonly seen sign boards in the market including words such as ¡§Fiction Comics¡¨, ¡§Hot Pastry & Fried Gluten Roll¡¨, ¡§Photocopy¡¨ on the sign boards.
¡iNew terms¡j¡X¡XOne of the categories of the answer to the riddle, referring to fresh terms invented in the modern era such as ¡§¡¨little heart and eyes¡¨ for narrow minded¡¨, ¡§¡¨Shuai Ke¡¨ for handsome boy¡¨, ¡§little air for ¡§stingy¡¨¡§, ¡§DINK- double income no kid¡¨ .
¡iVernacular¡j¡X¡XOne of the categories of the answer to the riddle, referring to commonly used vernacular in the modern era such as ¡§thank you¡¨, ¡§ ¡§Tao Yen¡¨ for dislike¡¨, ¡§dumbfounded handsome- meaning extremely handsome¡¨, ¡§bad as dead- meaning very bad¡¨.
¡iBen Tsau¡j¡X¡XOne of the categories of the answer to the riddle¡Areferring to names of herbal medicine in the book that administrates herbal medicine¡mBen Tsau Gang Mu¡n
¡iShi Jen¡j¡X¡XOne of the categories of the answer to the riddle, referring to people at the time usually political characters.
¡iShi Tze Jen¡j¡X¡XOne of the categories of the answer to the riddle, referring to characters in the ¡§Four Book¡¨.
¡iPo Jen, Po Huei¡j¡X¡XOne of the categories of the answer to the riddle, referring to names or nicknames of the 108 soldiers in¡mAll Men Are Brothers¡n
¡iLiao Catalogue¡j¡X¡XOne of the categories of the answer to the riddle, referring to the catalogue of ¡mLiaozhai Zhiyi¡n
¡iPhrases, solos¡j¡X¡XOne of the categories of the answer to the riddle, referring to traditional names of phrases or solos.
¡iDrama Catalogue¡j¡X¡XOne of the categories of the answer to the riddle, referring to catalogues of traditional Chinese opera.

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